Albert Camus and Edgar Allan Poe Essay

Unexpected Occurrences

            Of the numerous profound literary topics, irony of situation is established exuberantly by Albert Camus in “The Guest” and Edgar Allan Poe in “The Cask of Amontillado”.  Both of the authors were dexterous with their use of situational irony and did it in their own tailored technique.  “The Cask of Amontillado” and “The Guest” are two literary works, which between the two, can not be said which is better, because that is just personal taste.  So by comparing and contrasting the two under one literary term, irony of situation, the reader can corroborate which is liked by their own style of reading.

            “The Cask of Amontillado” by Edgar Allan Poe, first published in 1846 (Arp, Thomas and Greg Johnson. Perrine’s Literature Structure, Sound and Sense 10th Edition. Page 617.).  Poe writes this short story with so much thought and organization that irony of situation plays a significant role in the story line itself and how one would analyze it.  One use of irony is throughout the conversation of the characters.  For example, Fortunato says, “You are not of the masons.”(621). This went on to say that he was not good enough since he was a mason, just in a way making critical comments to him.  All events in the story lead up to the demise of Fortunato, which in itself was ironic, because the name means a fortunate person and in the end he ends up getting murdered by Montresor.

             Albert Camus’ short story, “The Guest”, which was first published in 1957 (356), also uses irony of situation through actions of Daru, but first the title is also ironic.  The title is ironic, because he is a inmate of the French rule and is not actually a guest.  The actions of Daru made this ironic, because he was told by a policeman to take Arab to the main police station for trial.  Throughout the actions of Daru, he gives the Arab as many chances as he can to escape, but the Arab seems to have become dependent on Daru.