Basic First Aid

In case an accident does happen, Please read each of the following carefully.

RESIPRATION

If it is failing, give artificial respiration – Mouth to Mouth or Mouth to Nose.

BLEEDING

Arrest the bleeding and protect the wound. Apply direct or indirect pressure. Cover with a dressing, apply a pad and firm bandage. elevate. Keep at rest.

FRACTURES

Immobilise it with a well padded stiff support reaching the joints on either side. Apply bandages on either side of the site and at the joints on either side, support.

BURNS AND SCALDS

A burn is caused by try heat and a scald by moist heat like steam, very hot water or oil, Immediately cool the area with cold water – for 15 minutes till pain subsides. Do not break blisters, or apply anything on the burns. Cover with a sterile or clean cloth, pad and bandage. Give fluids.

NOSE BLEEDING

Sit him up facing the breeze with the head slightly forward. ask him to breath the mouth and Not to blow his nose. Apply a cold compress over the nose. The soft part of the nose may be pinched close with the fingers for 10 mins. Cold application on the back of the neck and forehead may help.

BEE STING

Do not press the bag (of the sting). Use foreceps and remove the sting. apply cold or weak ammonia.

ANIMAL BITES

Wash with soap and plenty of water. Loose bandage may be applied. Get quick medical aid.

SNAKE BITES

Keep patient calm. Wash with plenty of water and soap. Do Not Rub hard. first apply a constrictive bandage on the heart side of the bite. (Not to be applied continuously for more than 20 mins.). do not incise or attempt to suck the wound. Get aid quickly. try to identify the snake.

FAITING

Lay him down and loosen the clothing around chest and waist. Turn head to one side. the legs may be raised a little. Do Not attempt to give any solids or liquids. On recovery a small quantity of a drink may be given and he may be allowed to sit up and move after rest.

GENERAL

If you are in doubt of the treatment DO NOT DO anything. You may do more harm.

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