Diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by the presence of high levels of glucose in the blood due to little or no secretion of the hormone responsible for maintaining normal blood sugar levels, insulin. People with this condition require attention in terms of diet, exercise routine and medication management to avoid such delicate complications such as blindness, damage to blood vessels, nerves, kidneys and circulatory system, and a leg amputation in extreme cases .
Raising a child with diabetes is not easy, but certainly not impossible, the disease is only part of his life, and like any other child or adolescent is able to play sports, spending time with friends, daydreaming, excited the future, love and fun. You can also leave your holiday home, alone or accompanied, and instead of a danger can be an excellent opportunity to strengthen the care and responsibility for their condition.
Teens and Diabetes
Adolescence is the age of change, from 12 to 13 years and involves changes in both the physical and emotional that leads to self-awareness and personality development so that everything that happens in this process is of great importance and significance for young people.
Along with the physical changes that were introduced from the mental and emotional maturity, characterized by fluctuations of feeling: tends to act of rebellion, treatment of other family members are not known for their politeness and many acts tend to attack the school and teachers, but also present a side that shows boredom and indifference to what happens in the environment to feel “out of place.” The truth is that, although crude, these expressions and the pursuit of “being different” are manifestations of aggression constructive and essential for the formation of personality.
This is because it is common for adolescents with type 1 diabetes almost always have difficulty sticking to your treatment, so you get to annoy the administration of the hormone that generates the pancreas with subcutaneous injections to regulate blood sugar levels in the blood. It can also be food restriction and cumbersome to have to split 5 or 6 meals daily to avoid fluctuations of glucose.
It is also important that all adolescents with diabetes are counseled on the importance of not starting alcohol and snuff, which are used by a large number of young people due to the adoption of stereotypes, it would adversely affect the health of people with little or no insulin production.
Finally, it is important that parents, teachers and doctors (sometimes with the help of a psychologist) to promote self-esteem adolescents with diabetes, and place special emphasis on their status is no less favorably than other children the same age, but just different, and this does not prevent freely with friends and people of the opposite sex.
Diabetes is not fun to fight with or travel, so that people with the disease, including adolescents can schedule a trip with your family or friends provided that they take appropriate measures to ensure continuity of therapy in the resting place .
It should be noted that when information and monitoring measures to prevent diabetes are suitable from an early age the greater the commitment to notice status adolescents. Therefore, education about treatment should eradicate extreme situations, such as overprotection, which makes a child or adolescent feel worthless and different about their peers, and scolding, which conceptualizes the pain of injection insulin as a “punishment” for the default or “lack of responsibility.”
The best therapy is based on communication between parents and children, and recognizes that if the child wants to be treated as an adult, must take charge of their own plan to control, even on vacation.
Therefore, we will start by indicating that the adolescent will want to consult your doctor before traveling to define the necessary adjustments in therapy. It should be noted, for example, that the power of the patient with type 1 diabetes, is added in several portions a day to avoid the increase or decrease in the levels of blood sugar and, therefore, if the youth will make changes to your schedule either due to visit the rest of the world or just because you think that until later to sleep a little longer, you have to restructure its feeding schedule.
Similarly, it is likely that small adjustments in insulin doses, schedules for glucose monitoring or training, why bettors nothing in these circumstances that the advice and approval of the endocrinologist who presented demand.
Also, dig the adolescent patient and the physician may at some basic rules for the trip, including:
Always carry the delivery of insulin needed equipment and measurement of blood sugar.
Make sure the insulin is not exposed to high temperatures, so that you can use to avoid the use of a pre-cooled heat.
Never leave insulin in the glove compartment of a car, on a radiator or other heat source. Nor should it be exposed to direct sunlight
Always carry sugar fruit of hand the possibility that sugar levels fall unexpectedly (hypoglycemia).
In case of long road trips, take a break to eat some food every two hours. This measure is particularly important if the patient is the same driver.
Never stop insulin and other materials, along with the luggage, but must enroll in the hand luggage in a “starter kit” that should include: enough insulin, syringes, meter blood glucose and food rapidly absorbed carbohydrates (crackers or fruit).
To establish such liability, it is children or adolescents with diabetes supplies attend camp organized especially for them, and this allows them to reach other children who share the same problem, so under the medical expertise to learn to live with their disease. One of the most experienced agencies in carrying out this type of event is the Mexican Diabetes Association, with representation in each state of the Republic.
Finally, parents should explain to your child becoming an adult means taking responsibility, so proper care of the disease, contrary to what we think will help you have an advantage over their peers of the same age as her been allowed to learn to make decisions every day about their diet, exercise and time, making it a valuable person and mature.