Expressive Language Disorder

Yet the legacy of having this gift will put into danger once an individual is afflicted by a communication disorder known as expressive language disorder.  This occurs when an individual has dilemmas expressing him or herself using spoken or written language. A childhood disorder, expressive language disorder has two types- the developmental type and the acquired type. Developmental expressive language disorder generally appears at the time a child is learning to talk and the causes of it are still unknown. Acquired expressive language disorder, on the other hand, is caused by impairment to the brain that occurs suddenly after events such as stroke or traumatic head injury that can occur at any age.

Common Symptoms of Expressive Language Disorder

The difficulty of expressing himself or herself using speech is the characteristic of expressive language disorder.  The signs and symptoms of this disorder considerably different from child to child. Unlike in the occurrence of phonological disorder, the child does not have problems with the pronunciation of words. In terms of discourse and grammar competence, the child does have problems putting sentences together coherently, using proper grammar, recalling the appropriate word to use, or other similar problems. A child with expressive language disorder is not able to communicate thoughts, needs, or wants at the same level or with the same intricacy as his or her peers. Furthermore, the child frequently has a limited vocabulary than his or her peers. Although the child can understand complex spoken sentences and be able to carry out intricate instructions, the inability to construct sentences may give him/her a considerable disadvantage.

Major Cause

Intensive research has been started to determine which biological or environmental factors may the root of the problem and until now the case is still unknown. Acquired expressive language disorder is caused by injury to the brain. This damage can be continued during a stroke, or as the result of disturbing head injury, seizures, or other medical conditions. The way in which acquired expressive language disorder manifests itself in a specific person depends on which parts of the brain are injured and how badly they are damaged.


The prevention of developmental expressive language disorder is still unknown. Since the major cause of acquired language disorder is by damage to the brain, the best thing to do is utmost care and safeguarding one’s bran from any untoward accidents.  This could be through lowering intake of food high in cholesterol or arming oneself with helmet and safety gears to protect oneself from unexpected accident or injury. Individual medication done by speech therapists on a regular schedule and practicing speech and communication skills greatly help the patient to address the process in a shortest period of time. Another type of treatment involves the child’s parents and teachers working together to incorporate spoken language that the child needs into day to day activities and play. The aforementioned suggestive medications are effective and efficient especially in severe cases with intensive care is needed.