While young, individuals must know important aspects of home management to ensure success in their future career. Every individual is expected to contribute in the efficient management of the home to ensure a wholesome and stable family life. Home management is necessary in all aspects of family living through efficient management of resources. The management of resources involves four (4 steps namely: planning, organizing, leading or directing, and controlling.
Planning involves setting the goals of the family, based on values and needs. Organizing involves the assignment of tasks to family members in the form of duties and responsibilities. Leading and directing means motivation the family members to cooperate in the realization of family goals while controlling means reviewing all the activities undertaken to make sure that all plans are carried out and family goals are achieved.
To ensure a wholesome and stable family life, the following factors should be considered in home management:
- Activities of the family. This should fit the duties and responsibilities given to each member to avoid conflict with regard to time, energy and relationship with other members.
- Available resources. This may be human or material resources. Abilities, knowledge, skills, talents, attitudes, health and energy are examples of human resources. Material resources refer to objects,, things, or possessions which are used to satisfy our needs and wants.
- Priorities of the family. Families differ in their priorities. One family may value health more than other aspects of home life, while others may value education more. Therefore, in the pursuit of these activities, some tasks can be omitted or simplified.
- The values, attitudes, and habits of the family greatly influence the management of resources in all aspects of family life.
- Conditions in the community. As part of the community, some community activities must be included in the plan for managing a home.
Managing One’s Time and Energy
Time and energy are closely related. Time is the framework within which work is performed. The time of the day as shown on clock or announced over the radio guides us in carrying out the day’s activities, in distinguishing time for work and fro rest and in checking the progress of work during the day. Energy refers to physical and mental effort that is spent to do work.
The saying “Time is gold” gives the important message that time must be valued and used wisely. We have only twenty four (24) hours a day to make life productive and satisfying. It is important to devote time to perform assigned tasks because time lost can never be regained.
Our energy supply comes from the food we eat, thus, poor eating habits may result to less energy to do things. A person who wants to accomplish more must have regular amount of rest, sleep, and exercise.
Like time, energy must also be used wisely. Life has no meaning if energy is spent in unproductive activities. Time and energy are two valuable resources that must be managed efficiently. The following are important in managing one’s time and energy wisely:
- Proper management of time and energy brings about satisfaction and security because your target for the day has been accomplished. After finishing the assigned tasks, you have a feeling of having accomplished something of value.
- One of the benefits of using time and energy wisely is finding out that you have time to give to those who need it. For example, after studying your lessons, you can still use time helping in household chores such as washing the dishes, cleaning the house of spending time with other members of your family.
- Spending one’s time and energy wisely offers opportunities for constructive activities such as taking part in community development, handicraft or gardening.
Factors affecting the use of Time and Energy
Productive use of time and energy are influenced by several factors such as the following which should be kept in mind to accomplish goals and objectives within a specific time frame:
- Available resources. Human and material resources are essential to all enterprise. Knowledge, skills, and abilities of individuals are human resources. Labor, time-saving devices, and machinery are material resources.
- The task to be accomplished. Certain activities or task require only little time and energy to accomplish. Dusting and sweeping the floor are examples. Others need more time and efforts, such as washing clots, repairing the faucet or cleaning the stove.
- Size of the family. A small family has more household chores to do and needs more time to accomplish even if tasks are shared by members. A large family has the advantages of accomplishing takes in less time use of energy.
- Age. Young children with still undeveloped muscles can do only simple tasks because complicated work may affect their physical and mental growth. Elderly due to age also cannot do heavy tasks. Teenagers, on the other hand, should do the heavier tasks, using their excess energy.