Leptospirosis is …..

Leptospirosis is an animal disease that can infect humans. Leptospirosis is caused by leptospira bacteria (germs which have the shoot of around 10 days). Leptospira germs used to live and breed in bodies of animals, especially in rats and other rodents.
Clinical symptoms of leptospirosis include:
 First Stage
1. Diarrhea
2. Malaise
3. Throw up
4. Joint pain
5. Headache
6. Conjunctivitis
7. White blood cells decreased
8. High fever and chills
9. Impaired kidney function and liver
10. Pain in the calf and back muscles
 The second stage
1. Formed antibodies in the patient’s body
2. The symptoms are more variable than the first stage
3. If the symptoms of fever and other symptoms arise, is likely to occur meningitis
Complications of Leptospirosis
1. Complications of the liver: liver and spleen resulted in part swollen, and yellowish on the entire body, usually occurs on the fourth day until the sixth
2. Complications in the kidney: cause kidney failure.
3. Complications of the heart: heart resulting in swollen, irregular heartbeat, palpitations and cardiac decompensation.
4. Complications in the lungs: lead to coughing up blood, chest pain and shortness of breath.
5. Complications in blood vessels: result in bleeding due to damage to blood vessels of the respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, kidney, genital tract and eyes.
6. Complications in pregnancy: results in miscarriage, stillbirth, birth defects and premature
Prevention of leptospirosis
1. Washing hands and feet, before and after activities in places that have a risk of contamination of germs leptospira.
2. Maintain environmental hygiene
3. Store food and drink well, to avoid the rat
4. Using sealed bins
5. Proper disinfection of the places that have a risk of contaminated bacteria leptospira.

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