Tax Calculation in India

Tax calculation in India is the procedure of working out the amount of tax payable for various individuals. As stipulated by the Income Tax Act, 1961, income of both public and private sector employees is taxable.

Tax calculation in India is carried out on the basis of the earnings of an individual under different income heads (as prescribed in Chapter 4 of the Income Tax Act, 1961, u/s 14). These heads are:

  • Income from business or profession
  • Income from salary
  • Income from capital gains
  • Income from residential property
  • Income from other sources

Tax calculation

Income Tax Rates for financial year 2010-2011

Given below are the tax rates for men, women, and senior citizens for the financial year 2010-2011:

For Men

Upto Rs. 1,60,000 –  Nil

Rs. 1,60,001 – to Rs. 5,00,000 – 10 per cent

Rs. 5,00,001 – to Rs. 8,00,000 – 20 per cent

Greater than Rs.8,00,000 – 30 per cent

For Women

Upto Rs. 1,90,000 – Nil

Rs. 1,90,001 – to Rs. 5,00,000 – 10 per cent

Rs. 5,00,001 – to Rs. 8,00,000 – 20 per cent

Greater than Rs.8,00,000 – 30 per cent

For senior citizens/resident individuals of 65 years or above

Upto Rs. 2,40,000 – Nil

Rs. 2,40,001 – to Rs. 5,00,000 – 10 per cent

Rs. 5,00,001 – to Rs. 8,00,000 – 20 per cent

Greater than Rs.8,00,000 – 30 per cent

As per budget tabled on February 26, 2010, Union Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee suggested amendments for tax rate slabs as mentioned above. Other than the present investment amount of Rs.1 Lakh, extra Rs. 20,000 will be exempt, if the same amount has been invested in long-term infrastructure bonds.

Indian tax calculation in seven easy steps

You can calculate your tax by following the simple steps given below:

Step 1: Calculate your Gross Income

Gross Income = Monthly Income x 12

Step 2: Determine your Charity/Donation amount (if any)

Donations here refer to the amount contributed to any organization(s) in the form of charity, which should be in compliance with the Income Tax Regulations.

Step 3: Work Out your Savings

It takes into consideration all your savings and investments that are included in the sections under Income Tax Rebates.

Step 4: Evaluate your Taxable Income

Taxable Income = Gross Income – (Savings + Donations/Charity)

Or

Step I – (Step II + Step III)

Step 5: Figuring Out the Income Tax

Now that you have determined your taxable income, you may consult the tax slabs for working out the amount of tax.

Step 6: Include Surcharge

You need to include a surcharge of 10% of your yearly income to the amount of tax that you have figured out in the previous step. This will be the amount of your new income tax. (N.B: This step is not relevant if the yearly income is less than Rs. 10 lakhs.)

Step 7: Include the Education Cess

You need to add 3% of your taxable earnings (as education cess) with the new tax amount that you have figured out in Step 6 mentioned above.

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