What Causes Sour Stomach?

Sour stomach, which is also sometimes called acid stomach, acid indigestion, or dyspepsia (the terms will be used interchangeably in this article) takes place more frequently than any other type of stomach trouble.

The Johns Hopkins University recently reported that approximately one-fourth of Americans have some type of acid stomach or acid indigestion at any given moment. Five percent of those who visited their primary care practitioner in a recent year did so thanks to sour stomach symptoms.

Acid indigestion symptoms cause discomfort because your digestive system can’t process what you’ve eaten. In fact, the most common causes of sour stomach and indigestion symptoms are eating more than you should, eating too fast or eating something you have trouble digesting. There are a number of medications can cause sour stomach symptoms too: aspirin and other NSAIDs, digitalis, corticosteroids, iron, some antibiotics, theophylline and niacin, among others. Some chemotherapy drugs can also result in stomach acid problem.

Someone with symptoms of acid indigestion is also likely to experience bloated stomach, burping, belching, gas and possibly pain above the abdomen. Symptoms can be inconvenient and annoying but are generally harmless and temporary.

Acid stomach and indigestion symptoms could, however, also be an indication of a gastrointestinal disorder that requires a doctor’s attention.

Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, is a cause of symptoms of dyspepsia that is characterized by upper abdominal pain. Peptic ulcer disease, which results in pain in the upper abdomen, is another of the causes of dyspepsia. Pain from a stomach ulcer can be so intense that it keeps you tossing and turning at night.

Stomach cancer is another of the causes of sour stomach or acid indigestion, but it is infrequent.

What are the remedies for acid indigestion problem? Well, if you have episodes of stomach acid problems, you can generally get relief by taking antacids and histamine (H2)-blockers. These remedies for acidic stomach can be obtained over-the-counter. Antacids neutralize stomach acid, which in turn reduces inflammation (also known as gastritis). Antacids can provide quick relief of symptoms of acid stomach. Examples include calcium carbonate (which is found in Tums and several other medications) and magnesium salts (found in Mylanta, among other things).

H2 blockers decrease the production of stomach acid, giving inflamed and irritated tissues a chance to heal. H2 blockers include cimetidine (Tagamet), famotidine (Pepcid), nizatidine (Axid entirely) and ranitidine (Zantac).

If these medications work, there won’t be any need to talk to your doctor. But if symptoms of acid stomach don’t go away and return over and over, it’s time to talk with a medical professional.

Learn more about acid stomach or acid indigestion by clicking on acid stomach or acid indigestion and why do I have stomach problems. Neal Kennedy is a former radio and television journalist with a special interest in health and fitnerss issues.